Human Capital Persistence and Development

This paper documents the persistence of human capital over time and its association with long-term development. We exploit variation induced by a state-sponsored settlement policy that attracted immigrants with higher levels of schooling to particular regions of Brazil in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. We show that one century after the policy, municipalities that received settlements had higher levels of schooling and higher income per capita. We provide evidence that long-run effects worked through higher supply of educational inputs and shifts in the structure of occupations toward skill-intensive sectors

American Economic Journal: Applied Economics V 9, N 4, P 105-136, 2017

Rudi Rocha, Claudio Ferraz, Rodrigo Reis Soares.