Brazilian National Household Sample Survey (PNAD)

IBGE's Microdata

Users can access the microdata collected in these household surveys. Until 1990, there was only one file for both household and individual characteristics. Since 1992, there is one file for each type of record.

The package prepared by Data Zoom applies to all surveys starting in 1981. It provides a tool for reading the microdata through STATA, generating STATA format files (.dta). All variables are named as suggested by IBGE’s dictionary. Data Zoom also provides an English version of the original dictionaries for download. In order to use the package, the user must first obtain the microdata related to the rounds she is interested in. Data Zoom does not provide these data. From 2001 onward, all microdata and documentation are available from IBGE’s website. For information on how to acquire other rounds, click here.

Because of changes made over the years, the same information may not be available every year and/or may not have been collected in the same way. Specifically, there was a major reformulation of the survey in 1992, when labor activities were redefined, together with the questionnaire itself, leading to changes in the names of variables.

Data Zoom offers two options to manipulate the variables in order to standardize information over time. The first option aims to adapt variables from the 1990s and 2000s to those from the 1980s. This implies, for instance, that variables created after 1990 - such as all variables related to child labor - are excluded in the process. With this option, variable names are not those suggested by the original dictionary, so that a new dictionary is provided for download.

The second option attempts to only reconcile variables from 1992 to 2012. In this case, there are relatively few changes during the period. Therefore, we keep the original names of all variables that did not change or remained reasonably stable. A new dictionary is also provided. The document Making PNADs compatible explains all the procedures adopted in the process.